Other side effects include increased risk of heart problems in older men with poor mobility, according to a 2009 study at Boston Medical Center. A 2017 study published in JAMA found that treatments increase coronary artery plaque volume. Additionally, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires manufactures to include a notice on the labeling that states taking testosterone treatments can lead to possible increased risk of heart attacks and strokes. The FDA recommends that patients using testosterone should seek medical attention right away if they have these symptoms:
If a young man's low testosterone is a problem for a couple trying to get pregnant , gonadotropin injections may be an option in some cases. These are hormones that signal the body to produce more testosterone. This may increase the sperm count. Hedges also describes implantable testosterone pellets, a relatively new form of treatment in which several pellets are placed under the skin of the buttocks, where they release testosterone over the course of about three to four months. Injections and nasal gels may be other options for some men.
The High starch high glucose diet is another important cause of low testosterone. It s one of the reason that low testosterone is a strong predictor of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. There is a vicious circle of the High starch diet, such as proposed by most fast food outlets and T2DM, Obesity, Low Testosterone, Brain Atrophy, Hyperglycaemia, heart disease, neuropathies, and even depression. A first thing any police officer should do is to minimize starchy foods in the diet. Digestible starches (amylose and amylopectin) are pure glucose, they are glucose polymer chains. We don’t need carbohydrates to survive, they are an economic luxury of low-cost/high-energy foods but with very little nutrient density, fruits having the most nutrients, and starches the lowest, amongst carbohydrate rich foods (Starches, flours from cereals, score the lowest of all other foods in terms of nutrient density). They were incorporated in the human diets at the beginning of the agricultural organization when humans shifted from a nomadic way of life to a sedentary one some 12,000 years ago. They were appreciated because of their low-cost/high-energy density…not because of their nutrient density. With leafy greens, who are very low-energy/high-nutrient density, their carbohydrate content are mostly fibers (non digestible saccharides, or other complex saccharides). In fact, excessive starchy diets also have a strong chelating effect, this means that the natural chelators (such as phytic acid) found in cereal grains attract nutritional metals such as iron, copper, zinc, etc…a deficiency in zinc is an etiological characteristic of Type 2 Diabetes. This is the reason Food programs sponsored by the UN which usually are based on enriched flours are treated with anti-chelating agents such as phytase, the enzyme that neutralises phytate (also called phytic acid) ( http:///content/130/2/+html ). But the common flours used in the human North American diets are not. before the fast food revolution, North Americans consumed on average less than 10% of starches in their diets. This average is now 25%, and this is the root cause of the metabolic syndrome, diabetes and obesity epidemics, all conditions where low testosterone is a strong marker.