Is testosterone found in females

Kraft, S. (.). Signs of high testosterone in women. Retrieved from  http:///content/article/signs-high-testosterone-women

Low testosterone. (2012, March). Retrieved from  http:///diseases-and-conditions/mens-health/low-testosterone

Nigro, N. & Christ-Cain, M. (2012). Testosterone treatment in the aging male: Myth or reality? Swiss Medicine Weekly, 2012(142), w13539. Retrieved from  http:///content/smw-2012-13539/

NIH-supported trials of testosterone therapy in older men report mixed results. (2017, February 21). Retrieved from  https:///news-events/news-releases/nih-supported-trials-testosterone-therapy-older-men-report-mixed-results

Sharma, R., Oni, O. A., Gupta, K., Chen, G., Sharma, M., Dawn, B., … & Barua, R. S. (2015, August 6). Normalization of testosterone level is associated with reduced incidence of myocardial infarction. European Heart Journal, 36(40), 2706-2715. Retrieved from  https:///eurheartj/article/36/40/2706/2293361/Normalization-of-testosterone-level-is-associated

Sinicki, A. (.). What are prohormones? Are they safe? Retrieved from http:///entry/17328/1/What-Are-Prohormones-And-Are-They-

Testosterone and androgens. (2014, January). Retrieved from  http:///hormones-and-health/hormones/testosterone

Tsujimura, A. (2013, August 31). The relationship between testosterone deficiency and men's health.  The World Journal of Men's Health, 31 (2), 126-135. Retrieved from  http:///pmc/articles/PMC3770847/

Walker, W. H. (2010, May 27). Non-classical actions of testosterone and spermatogenesis.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, 365 (1546). Retrieved from  http:///pmc/articles/PMC2871922/

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The manufacturers of certain testosterone products (., AndroGel and Striant) state that their products are contraindicated in patients with soybean, soy, or soya lecithin hypersensitivity because they are derived partially from soy plants. There is a risk of serious hypersensitivity reactions or anaphylaxis with the use of testosterone undecanoate (Aveed) oil for injection. These allergic reactions can occur after any injection of testosterone undecanoate during the course of therapy, including after the first dose. Observe patients in the healthcare setting for 30 minutes after an Aveed injection in order to provide appropriate medical treatment in the event of serious hypersensitivity reactions or anaphylaxis. The Aveed injection contains benzyl benzoate, the ester of benzyl alcohol and benzoic acid, and refined castor oil. Therefore, testosterone undecanoate use is contraindicated in patients with polyoxyethylated castor oil hypersensitivity, benzoic acid hypersensitivity, or benzyl alcohol hypersensitivity. Patients with suspected hypersensitivity reactions should not be re-treated with testosterone undecanoate injection.

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Potential risks and side effects
There is very little clinical research on treating pre-menopausal women. From the small amount of research available, it seems that the androgen levels achieved by treatment, as well as side effects, are the same as those in post-menopausal women. The main untoward effects are acne and facial hair. These occur if the level of testosterone is above normal. However, some sensitive women may have these effects with a level in the normal range. Occasionally fluid retention can occur. If testosterone rises above physiological levels, an abnormal lipid profile may occur. There are no side effects to DHEA itself because there are no receptors in the body for DHEA; all side effects are from the conversion product of DHEA, which is testosterone. Women with a history of breast cancer, severe liver disease, or severe deep vein phlebitis should not take androgens, as a certain amount of testosterone will be converted to estrogen. This treatment is also contraindicated during pregnancy, since testosterones, and even its precursor DHEA, cross the placenta and may cause changes in the genitals of the fetus. Special caution should be used when treating women of childbearing age. When prescribing testosterone treatment to a woman, be sure to prescribe adequate birth control and a warning that the androgen treatment should be stopped immediately if a pregnancy might be even remotely possible, or when considering pregnancy in the near future.

Is testosterone found in females

is testosterone found in females

Potential risks and side effects
There is very little clinical research on treating pre-menopausal women. From the small amount of research available, it seems that the androgen levels achieved by treatment, as well as side effects, are the same as those in post-menopausal women. The main untoward effects are acne and facial hair. These occur if the level of testosterone is above normal. However, some sensitive women may have these effects with a level in the normal range. Occasionally fluid retention can occur. If testosterone rises above physiological levels, an abnormal lipid profile may occur. There are no side effects to DHEA itself because there are no receptors in the body for DHEA; all side effects are from the conversion product of DHEA, which is testosterone. Women with a history of breast cancer, severe liver disease, or severe deep vein phlebitis should not take androgens, as a certain amount of testosterone will be converted to estrogen. This treatment is also contraindicated during pregnancy, since testosterones, and even its precursor DHEA, cross the placenta and may cause changes in the genitals of the fetus. Special caution should be used when treating women of childbearing age. When prescribing testosterone treatment to a woman, be sure to prescribe adequate birth control and a warning that the androgen treatment should be stopped immediately if a pregnancy might be even remotely possible, or when considering pregnancy in the near future.

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